Co2-Handel.de - Das Portal zum Emissionshandel und Klimaschutz
Sie sind hier: Home » Politik » Weltweit
Seite empfehlen

China and India nullify global reduction in CO2 emissions (06.07.2010)

Despite the continued economic crisis, global emissions of carbon dioxide, the main greenhouse gas, have remained constant in 2009, as strong increases in CO2 emissions from fast-growing developing countries, such as China and India, have completely nullified CO2 emission reductions in the industrialised world.

This according to calculations in the report "No growth in total global CO2 emissions in 2009", published today by the Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). The PBL based its calculations on recent data from a number of sources: data on energy use from oil company British Petroleum (BP), on cement production from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), and on the latest version of the Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR), which is a joint project of the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre (JRC) and the Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL).

CO2 emissions per region Source: Olivier and Peters 2010The PBL calculated that emissions from fossil-fuel combustion (including those from gas flares – the burning of waste gas from oil drilling and other industrial processes, such as the production of cement and ammonia) in the industrial countries have decreased by seven per cent. In China and India, these emissions increased by nine and six per cent, respectively – despite a doubling of wind and solar energy in China, for the fifth year in a row. Overall, this has meant that, in 2009, CO2 emissions worldwide have remained constant, for the first time since 1992. In earlier projections, the International Energy Agency (IEA) predicted an emission decrease for 2009 of 2.6 per cent – which would have been the largest decrease in forty years.

For industrialised countries, their reductions help them to meet their international obligations under the Kyoto Protocol. Last year, their combined emission level was ten per cent below 1990 levels, and therefore well below the Kyoto target level. Together, the industrialised countries – except for the United States, which have not ratified the protocol – are on course to achieve a combined average decrease in CO2 emissions of 5.2 per cent, between 2008 and 2012, compared with 1990 levels.

However, this decrease is also related to the financial crisis. A large part of production capacity has been suspended, but could be re-employed as soon as the economy improves. Therefore, it is likely that a recovering economy would cause emission levels in industrialised countries to go up. Nevertheless, the economic downturn has meant that these countries can meet their reduction obligations with more ease. Another consequence of this downturn is that some industrialised countries may need to purchase less emission rights from reduction projects in developing countries, which, in turn, means that there will be less funds available for emission reductions in those developing countries.

Emissions per inhabitant
Although there have been strong increases in emissions in countries such as China and India, their average CO2 emissions per inhabitant, in 2009, were still below those in industrial countries. In India the emissions were 1.4 tonnes per person and in China this was 6 tonnes, compared with 10 tonnes per person in the Netherlands and 17 tonnes in the United States.

The publication you can get here


Source: Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL)

© CO2 emissions per region Source: Olivier and Peters 2010



Ihr Partner für den CO2-Fußabdruck:

Ihr Partner für den CO2 Fußabdruck: klimAktiv


17.04.2014

Brazil Kicks Off Carbon Neutral Goal for FIFA World Cup

Österreichischer Umweltminister Rupprechter fordert Mobilitätswende für Europa

Kirchen betreiben in Deutschland bereits rund 2.000 Solaranlagen

Sachsen-Anhalt erlaubt Behörden Kauf von teuren Öko-Autos

Union setzt Ministerin Hendricks beim Klimaschutz unter Druck

CO2 - Marktbericht vom 17.04.2014

16.04.2014

Braunkohleverstromung: Milliardengewinne auf Kosten des Klimas

Intelligente Energie: 20 Elektroautos mit SchwarmStrom starten Flottenversuch in Berlin

Polen wegen Nichteinhaltung der EU-Rechtsvorschriften über fluorierte Treibhausgase verklagt

Das energieeffiziente Büro:Trends zum Stromsparen am Arbeitsplatz

Studie unterstreicht Nutzen von Pumpspeicherwerken für Energiewende

Schweizer Bundesrat will Kyoto-Verpflichtung weiterführen

CO2 - Marktbericht vom 16.04.2014

15.04.2014

UBA-Studie: ''Treibhausgasneutrales Deutschland im Jahr 2050''

Neue Broschüre der EnergieAgentur.NRW: ''Klimaneutrale Veranstaltungen''

Veränderungen in der Landnutzung bewirken Erwärmung der Erdoberfläche

Zweiter Monitoring-Bericht ''Energie der Zukunft''

Geschäftsführerin der EU-Klimapartnerschaft: Privater, öffentlicher und akademischer Sektor können dem Klimawandel gemeinsam die Stirn bieten

Gabriel beklagt mangelnde weltweite Zusammenarbeit beim Klimaschutz

CO2 - Marktbericht vom 15.04.2014

14.04.2014

Auch Chemiker sehen sich in der Pflicht auf den Klimawandel zu reagieren

Schottische Unabhängigkeit beeinträchtigt Energiesektor


Carbon Tracker warnt vor Bedrohung der Finanzmärkte durch CO2-Blase in Bilanzen

Germanwatch und Brot für die Welt zum neuen IPCC-Bericht

Wegziehen oder Aufschütten? Malediven kämpfen gegen den Untergang

Branche für Minderung des Stromverbrauchs von Kaffeemaschinen

CO2 - Marktbericht vom 14.04.2014

13.04.2014

Kostet nicht die Welt: Wissenschaft rechnet Klimaschutz vor

11.04.2014

Aktivisten fordern Subventionsstopp fossiler Energien

Milder Winter schont Geldbeutel der Verbraucher beim Heizen

Energieverbrauch von Heizungspumpen um bis zu 90 Prozent gesunken

Kyoto-Protokoll: Die Schweiz hat ihre Verpflichtungen 2008–2012 erfüllt

Solarstromanlagen werden fit gemacht für noch stabilere Netze

CO2 - Marktbericht vom 11.04.2014